Answers ( 2 )

  1. Hi. Thank you for posting your query on MediMetry.

    Here's a little info so that you may understand Jaundice. When red blood cells naturally age after around 4 months it is converted into bilirubin, which is excreted with help of liver, gall bladder, intestines and kidneys.
    Jaundice is caused when this bilirubin in the body increases due to either rapid destruction of red blood cells or problem of excretion of bilirubin from the body due to infection or damage to above or surrounding organs.

    Jaundice is not a disease but itself a sign of some underlying disease, damage or infection.
    Individuals with jaundice/ icterus will have a yellow discoloration of the skin of varying degrees, and may also exhibit yellowing of the mucous membranes and of the white of the eyes.

    However, as described above, depending on the underlying cause of the jaundice and it's severity and duration, individuals may experience different symptoms.

    Some of the signs and symptoms are:
    -weakness
    -weight loss
    -loss of appetite
    - pale-colored stools
    -dark-colored urine
    -nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
    - abdominal pain
    -swelling of the legs, and
    -swelling and distension of the abdomen.
    -rectal bleeding
    -skin itching and rashes
    -fever and chills
    -confusion, loss of consciousness
    -headache
  2. As jaundice is a sign it's not spreadable but the underlying disease may be in case of infections.
    Only a few conditions leading to jaundice can be prevented. You may decrease risk of developing jaundice by observing the following precautions:

    - Protect yourself against Hepatitis. Hepatitis spreads by either unprotected sexual contact or intra venous drug abuse, contaminsted needles or coming in any contact with body fluids of an infected person. You may take preventive vaccines against the same if in high risk situations or jobs.
    Hepatitis also spreads through contaminated food and water.

    - Moderate alcohol intake. Some individuals may have to completely stop alcohol and smoking.
    - Prophylactic treatment and precaution against malaria, etc.
    - Certain medications should be taken only on doctors prescription and only for the specified time period. Allergies to certain drugs or certain genetic conditions should be reported to the prescribing doctor.

    Hope this answers your query. Please do write back for further clarification.