Answer ( 1 )

  1. Hello Dear,

    Thank you for writing to us at MediMetry.

    Usually a cold and cough in early infancy is contracted from close contact from family. In such babies special attention is required to their breathing as chances of distressed breathing is high. Bronchiolitis is very common among such babies which is a viral infection of lungs and airways. They present with cough and cold along with fever that typically progress to noisy and fast breathing along with feeding problems.
    Over the counter cough old medicines are contraindicated in such babies. Main stay of treatment is nasal saline drops and nasal core acne with mucus aspirator. Steam inhalation also helps in clearing mucus. Breast feeding is encouraged.
    Very young infants must see a doctor at the first sign of the common cold because they're at greater risk of croup and pneumonia.

    When to see a doctor

    Your baby's immune system will need time to mature. If your baby has a cold with no complications, it should resolve within 10 to 14 days.
    If your baby is younger than 2 to 3 months of age, call the doctor early in the illness. For newborns, a common cold can quickly develop into croup, pneumonia or another serious illness. Even without such complications, a stuffy nose can make it difficult for your baby to nurse or drink from a bottle. This can lead to dehydration. As your baby gets older, your doctor can guide you on when your baby needs to be seen by a doctor and when you can treat his or her cold at home.

    Most colds are simply a nuisance. But it's important to take your baby's signs and symptoms seriously.

    If your baby is 3 months old or older, call the doctor if he or she:
    - Isn't wetting as many diapers as usual
    - Has a temperature higher than 100.4 F (38 C)
    - Seems to have ear pain or is unusually irritable
    - Has red eyes or develops yellow or greenish eye discharge
    - Has trouble breathing
    - Has a persistent cough
    - Has thick, green nasal discharge for several days
    - Has any other signs or symptoms that worry you
    - Seek medical help immediately if your baby:
    * Refuses to nurse or accept fluids
    * Coughs hard enough to cause vomiting or changes in skin color
    * Coughs up blood-tinged sputum
    * Has difficulty breathing or is bluish around the lips and mouth

    Treatment
    Most of the time, you can treat an older baby's cold at home. Consider these suggestions:

    Offer plenty of fluids. Liquids are important to avoid dehydration. Encourage your baby to take in his or her normal amount of fluids. Extra fluids aren't necessary. If you're breast-feeding your baby, keep it up. Breast milk offers extra protection from cold-causing germs.
    Thin the mucus. Your baby's doctor may recommend saline nose drops to loosen thick nasal mucus. Look for these over-the-counter drops in your local pharmacy.
    Suction your baby's nose. Keep your baby's nasal passages clear with a rubber-bulb syringe. Squeeze the bulb syringe to expel the air. Then insert the tip of the bulb about 1/4 to 1/2 inch (0.64 to 1.27 centimeters) into your baby's nostril, pointing toward the back and side of the nose. Release the bulb, holding it in place while it suctions the mucus from your baby's nose. Remove the syringe from your baby's nostril, and empty the contents onto a tissue by squeezing the bulb rapidly while holding the tip down. Repeat as often as needed for each nostril. Clean the bulb syringe with soap and water.
    Moisten the air. Running a humidifier in your baby's room can help improve runny nose and nasal congestion symptoms. Aim the mist away from your baby's crib to keep the bedding from becoming damp. To prevent mold growth, change the water daily and follow the manufacturer's instructions for cleaning the unit. It might also help to sit with your baby in a steamy bathroom for a few minutes before bedtime.

    Hope this answers your query. Feel free to write back with follow-up questions.
    Stay connected to MediMetry for regular tips for new moms and preparing yourself for managing a new born!