How Risky is Preeclampsia during Pregnancy?

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How Risky is Preeclampsia during Pregnancy?

How Risky is Preeclampsia during Pregnancy?

Preeclampsia (or toxemia) is a condition seen in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure(more than 140/90), or urine showing presence of high amounts of protein.

Pre-eclamptic patients will have swollen legs, feet, and hands. Preeclampsia during pregnancy is generally seen in the mid of the second trimester or, say after 20 weeks.

Untreated preeclampsia results in eclampsia(having seizures) affecting both mother and baby and even loss of life. Prevention is better than cure, because preeclampsia cannot be cured.

Sometimes preeclampsia cures automatically after childbirth when placenta is removed.

Numerous studies have been done but exact cause has not been known till date. Preeclampsia happens because placenta fails to function normally, but why it fails isn’t known. It may be genetically, due to high body fat, poor nutrition, or inadequate blood reaching the uterus.

Causes and Symptoms

Preeclampsia history with patient, or family history. Patient history of Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, obesity, diabetes, or lupus.

Signs can be rapid weight gain (within a couple of days), bloating due to bodily fluid, abdominal pain, less or no urine, excess vomiting, and/or severe headaches and at times not clear indication.

Risk factors to mother post-delivery or Preeclampsia during Pregnancy

Eclampsia: This happens when the cerebral membranes(of the brain) starts irritating and causing an imbalance. Preeclampsia or eclampsia can happen during pregnancy or post-delivery and the risks can be transferred to unborn baby also.

HELLP Syndrome: Rarest occurring chronic liver disease due to increased liver enzymes, rarely causing liver failure or due to blood clotting due to haemolysis and low platelet count.

1. Pulmonary oedema(fluid inside lungs)

2. Kidney failure

3. Brain haemorrhage(cerebral portion) or brain stroke

4. Blind patches

5. Sometimes fits (during eclampsia) can be life threatening

6. Induced preterm delivery (usually at 37 weeks)

7. Heart failure

8. Heavy bleeding after childbirth

9. Liver bleeding

10. Reversible blindness

Risk factors to baby

1. Still birth due to placental abruption- This happens when placenta abruptly separates from the womb/uterus.

2. Immature baby’s lungs- At times steroids can be given to mature lungs sooner especially before preterm delivery.

3. Small baby size- This is because preeclampsia may stop the placenta to receive proper blood flow. Due to placenta not getting blood, babies can have epilepsy, problems with vision and hearing, learning disabilities, or cerebral palsy.

If you have any questions related to pregnancy, please feel free to Ask Your Queries here at MediMetry.


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