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Neonatal Injuries

Neonatal Injuries

Birth trauma describes any cuts, fractures or other injuries to a newborn baby when you are in labor. Birth trauma occurs more frequently with heavier-than-average babies. Deliveries of heavier or larger babies often need doctors to use their hands, forceps or vacuums to ease the passage through the birth canal. Neonatal injuries can occur if a doctor applies too much physical force while handling the baby.

Common traumatic injuries include:

  1. Caput Succedaneum: Scalp swelling, particularly during or shortly after birth, caused by pressure from the mother’s uterus or vaginal wall during delivery.
  2. Cephalohematoma: An accumulation of blood below the baby’s periosteum. In this condition lumps get formed over a baby’s head, generally several hours after delivery.
  3. Bruising and Broken Bones: It may occur on a baby’s face, head or other body parts due to the physical stresses or the use of forceps during delivery may also leave forceps marks on a newborn’s head or face.
  4. Subconjunctival Hemorrhage: Bleeding that occurs when small blood vessels in the baby’s eyes break.
  5. Bell’s Palsy: It occurs when a baby’s facial nerve is injured during labor.
  6. Brachial Plexus Injury: It is a general occurrence in difficult births, especially when a baby’s shoulder gets stuck in the birth canal and a doctor tugs hard.